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ઉમાશંકર જોશી: જીવનક્રમ (ગુજરાતી)

Umashankar Joshi: Chronology


Birth: July 21

Birthplace: Village Bamna in erstwhile state Idar state (now in Sabarkantha district of Gujarat State).

Father: Jethalal Kamalji. Born in a Brahmin family. Originally belonged to village Lusadia situated in the hilly region near Shamlaji. Educated till seventh class in the Missionary school of Lusadia. Karbhari (minister) in small jagirs (principalities).

Mother: Navalbai. Daughter of Bhaishankar Thakar. Had no formal education. Mother of seven sons and two daughters: Ramshankar, Chhaganlal, Umashankar, Chunilal, Pranjivan, Kantilal, Jashodaben, Kesarben, Devendra


'Yagnopavit' - thread ceremony. Later discontinued wearing it.


Education at Primary school, Bamna.


Passed standard fourth in Idar school. Continued education at Idar's Pratap High school (Anglo-vernacular school).


Matriculation from Proprietary High school, Ahmedabad.


Admission in Gujarat College, Ahmedabad. Continued education there till 1930.


Participated in the 34 day strike called by the students of Gujarat College which began in January.


Took active part in the Freedom Struggle. Joined Viramgam Camp as a satyagrahi from early April.


Imprisoned for fourteen weeks starting from November 1930: in Sabarmati jail and tent-jail at Yaravada.


Attended National Conference of the Congress at Karachi.

Stayed at Gujarat Vidyapith from July for six months.


Imprisoned for the second time for eight months, at Sabarmati and Visapur jails.


Death of father in April.

Admission in Elphinstone College, Mumbai for B.A.


Graduated with second division in Economics and History from Mumbai University.

Active participation in establishing 'Progressive Writers' Association' in Mumbai.


May 25: Married to Jyotsna N. Joshi (a graduate of Karve University) in Ahmedabad.

Teacher at Goklibai High School, Vile Parle, Mumbai.


Passed M.A. with first division in Gujarati and Sanskrit from Mumbai University.

Part time lecturer at Sydenham College of Commerce, Mumbai - till 1939.


Appointed professor in post graduate research studies department, at Gujarat Vernacular Society (Gujarat Vidyasabha).


Birth of daughter Nandini.


Edited 'Budhdhiprakash' journal from April '44 to Jul-Sep '46.


Voluntary retirement from Gujarat Vidyasabha.


'Sanskriti' monthly launched in January.


Appointed by Mumbai Government on the Gujarati Textbook Committee.

Birth of daughter Svati.

Toured Uttarpradesh, Bihar, Bengal and Orissa with mother and Jyotsnaben's maternal aunt in November-December.


A tour of 54 days to attend Peace Conference of Asian and Pacific Nations in Beijing, China along with Ravishankar Maharaj and others.

Visited Singapore, Java, Bali, Malaysia and Srilanka while returning from China.


Served as a visiting faculty at Lokbharti Shikshan Sanstha, educational institution, Sanosara, Bhavnagar dist.

Wrote column 'Sahitya Sadhana' in 'Sandesh' daily for one year.


Member of the General council and the executive committee of National Sahitaya Akademi, Delhi from its inception on March 12.

In June, appointed professor of Gujarati Literature at Gujarat University. Also appointed head of School of languages, Gujarat University.


Started 'Gangotri' Trust.


Became a member of Lalit Kala Akademi as a representative of Sahitya Akademi.

Tour of America and England as a member of a committee sent by the Indian Government for the study of activities of 'General Education' in American Universities and England.

Attended P.E.N. International conference in London. Visited France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Greece and Egypt.


Attended P.E.N. international conference in Tokyo-Kyoto.

Presided over a section at 'Akhil Bharatiya Lekhak Parishad' - Calcutta.

Shifted to his own residence 'Setu', 26, Sardar Patel Nagar, Ahmedabad.


Delivered lectures on 'Kavitavivek' in the 'Thakkar Vasanji Madhavji Lecture Series' in Mumbai.

Tour of Kumaun in the Himalayas with family.


April 13: Chairman and Chief Guest at 'Vishuvmilan' - annual meet in Cuttack of authors writing in Oriya language.

September 30-October 2: Attended 'National Integration Conference' as one of the 150 members invited by Jawaharlal Nehru from all over India.

October 5-October 29: Toured the USSR as a member of a group of five authors representing the Indian Government.

Inaugurated 'Rabindra Janmshatabdi Adhiveshan' (Rabindranath Tagore Birth Centenary Conference) organized by Nikhil Bhart Bang Sahitya Sammelan at Joda Sanko, Calcutta.


Presided over a section of the 24th conference of P.E.N. held at Mysore.

Tour of Goa with familiy along with Marathi and Konkani authors.


January 17: Death of wife Jyotsna Joshi.

Member of a committee appointed by the Government of Gujarat for establishment of South Gujarat and Saurashtra Universities.

Tour of Gangotri with daughters.


Appointed member of the advisory committee of National Book Trust.


Appointed member of the 'Kendriya Bhasha Salahkar Samiti'.

November 30-November 17, 1972: Vice Chancellor of Gujarat University.


February 5: Death of mother.

President of the 24th convention of the Gujarati Sahitya Parishad, held in Delhi.


Chief guest at 'Akhil Bharatiya Kavi Parishad' in Calcutta.

Member (1968-1969) of the Central Board of Film Certification (censor board).


April 3-April 2 1976: Member of Rajya Sabha nominated by the President of India. In the wake of this appointment, resigned from the post of honorary professor and head of the School of languages of Gujarat University.

Delivered the convocation lecture at the 51st Convocation of Nagpur University.

Attended P.E.N. international conference in Seoul, South Korea. On the way attended Asian Literary Meet in Taiwan and visited Expo in Kyoto, Japan.

As the head of Vice Chancellor's association, visited West German Universities.

Member, Review Committees of National Academies and Indian Council for Cultural Relations (1970-72).


February2: Convocation Lecture delivered at Shantiniketan.


'Nishith Puraskar Granthmala' a series of books of translations started by 'Gangotri Trust'.


Tour of France, Hungary and West Germany under Cultural Exchange Scheme. Attended International Conference in Paris. Also visited England.

Attended conference on world religion held at Kyoto, Japan.

Vice President of Indian P.E.N.


Toured Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Nagaland in October. Lectures on the 'Epic' at Imphal Academy.


President, Bharatiya Jnanpith award committee..

Toured Andamans in March.

President, 'Akhil Hind Sharatchandra Janmashatabdi Mahotsav Samiti' [All India Saratchandra Birth Centenary Festival] Calcutta.


Member of Verghese Committee, a working group set up for the autonomy of Doordarshan and Aakashvani.

Inaugural Lecture delivered at Iqbal International Seminar at Delhi.


President, National Sahitya Akademi, till 1983.

March: President of the Golden Jubilee celebrations of The Kuppuswamy Sanskrit Sahitya Academy, Madras.

September: Took part in the celebrations of The 150th anniversary of Tolstoy's birth in Russia at the invitation of the Writers' Association there.

Two lectures in English on the medieval Gujarati poet Akho delivered at Chandigarh University at Baba Farid Medieval Indian Literature Studies Department.

Honorary chairman, Indian Institute of Mass Communication, Delhi (till 1980).

Member, National Book Trust.


Acharya (Chancellor) of Vishvabharati, Shantiniketan from September 1979 to September 1982.

President, Acharya Kshitimohan Birth Centenary Committee, Calcutta.


Toured 14 European countries with both daughters.


May-June: At the invitation from writers association, attended their conference in Russia.

September 14-16: Inaugural lecture at the National Conference on Bulleshah and Puran Sinh.

Visited China to attend the centenary celebrations of modern chinese author Lu Xun at the invitation of the writers association.

Chairman, Golden Jubilee Celebrations Committee for the 'Jayshree' periodical established by Leela Ray in Calcutta.

Chaired International Kalidasa Goshthi Week in Ujjain.


Member, Press Council of India.


Decided to discontinue the publication of 'Sanskriti'.


President, Indian P.E.N.

March 13-14: Lectures on the Mahabharata under the aegis of Sanskrit Academy in Madras.


At the invitation of the Gujarati Literary Academy of North America, visited USA and Canada.

Chief guest at the Kampur Sahitya Sammelan, Assam.


Chairman of the Indian National Comparative Literature Association.


December 19, Monday: died at the Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, succumbing to lung cancer.


This official and authentic web site of Umashankar Joshi, owned and managed by Gangotri Trust was developed to commemorate Umashankar Joshi Birth Centenary in 2011. [WEBMASTER]